Ujjain has many heritage attraction as it is one of the oldest cities in India.
Legend has it that Ujjain is one of the saptapuris, or the seven holy cities of India that grant moksha or liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Ujjain hosts the Simhasth, as the KumbhMela is known here, every 12 years, the latest of which was in 2016.
The legend of Simhastha
The SimhasthaKumbh is a celebration like no other in India. It is celebrated when Jupiter ascends into sun sign Leo’s quarter or the Simha constellation of the zodiac, which is why it is called Simhastha.
Flanking the eastern bank of the kshipra, Ram Ghat stretches for almost a kilometre from Pashupati Temple in the south to the road bridge across the river in the north. The wide promenade is dotted with temples, old and new and the air is full of the sound of temple bells and incantations.
The caves are situated just above the banks of River kshipra. The Bhartrihari Caves have been named after the step brother of Raja Vikramaditya. These caves are one of the best examples of natural caves.
Ujjain is a city of famous king Vikramaditya and his loyalist Kalidas. Kalidas is known for his poetry skills even today. The name of Kalidas and Ujjain are inextricably inseparable. The Kalidas academy was set up in Ujjain by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in the year 1978 to immortalize the memory of the great poet dramatist-Kalidas.
This ancient palace is situated on the banks of river Kshipra in Ujjain. It is believed that there was once a majestic Sun temple at this site. The Avanti-mahatmya of SkandaPurana has recorded a description of the Sun temple and two tanks, the Surya Kunda and the Brahma Kunda.
Ujjain was the hub of all activities of Hindu astronomers and astrologers from ancient times, which paved the way for establishment of an observatory in the 17th century. Vedh Shala was built by Maharaja Jai Singh between 1725 and 1730.
The Sandipani Ashram in Ujjain is known to be the place where Lord Krishna, Balram and Sudama received their education from Guru Sandipani. Lord Krishna learned sixty-four arts in sixty-four days.